He also theorized that at least some of the unknown landmass would lie within the known latitudes which humans could inhabit, and therefore would be inhabited. Al-BÄ«r Complete Dictionary of Scientific Biography | 2008 | Copyright, "Abu Rayhan al-Biruni." Mathematics and Astronomy", "BĪRŪNĪ, ABŪ RAYḤĀN iv. [63] Al-Biruni was a pioneer in the study of comparative religion. Among them was Alberuni (or Al Biruni), who was renowned as a mathematician, astronomer, and political philosopher.Alberuni's aim was to acquire an exact understanding of the Hindus' knowledge of the natural world, to make it possible for Muslims "to converse with the Hindus, and to discuss with them questions of religion, science, or literature, on the very basis of their own civilization." He studied mathematics and astronomy under Abu Nasr Mansur. [Alberuni's India by Al-Beruni (973-1048) (Kitab fi tahqiq ma li'l-hind or simply, Ta'riqh al-hind), early 11th century, translated by Edward C. Sachau. One such Arab scholar was Abu Rihan or Al-Biruni who hailed from Khwarizm, in modern day Turkmenistan. He classified gems by what he considered their primary physical properties, such as specific gravity and hardness, rather than the common practice of the time of classifying them by colour. [9] He studied almost all fields of science and was compensated for his research and strenuous work. He has been variously called as the "founder of Indology", "Father of Comparative Religion", "Father of modern geodesy", and the first anthropologist. L. Rev. Achutha Menon Ayyankali Sahodaran Ayyappan Arnos Padiri Alphonsa De Alburqueqe Aromal Chekavar Cabral Alvarez Ezhuthachan Gubernador Paremackel Herman Gundert Ibn Batuta John Neuhoff He stated that he was fully objective in his writings, remaining unbiased like a proper historian should. Only a minuscule number of his output, 22 titles, has survived, and only about half of that has been published. [73] He also criticized the Hindus on what he saw them do and not do, for example finding them deficient in curiosity about history and religion. According to Al-Biruni’s description India’s economic condition was very good. He was born in Khwarazm, then part of the Samanid Empire (modern Khiva, Uzbekistan). Akhbar S. Ahmed concluded that Al-Biruni can be considered as the first Anthropologist,[67] however, others argue that he hardly can be considered an anthropologist in the conventional sense.[68]. Encyclopædia Iranica, (1989, December 15). BĪRŪNĪ, ABŪ RAYḤĀN. He has been variously called as the "founder of Indology", "Father of Comparative Religion",[11][9][12][13] "Father of modern geodesy", and the first anthropologist. He capped that particular discussion with a solution to the rather sophisticated spherical trigonometric problem of determining the direction of Mecca along the local horizon at Ghazna. Biruni left his hometown at a young age and he wandered around Persia and Uzbekistan. His relatively minor works are only minor in size, for they are at least as sophisticated as his major works. He was however, very critical of the Mu'tazila, particularly criticising al-Jahiz and Zurqan. Al-Biruni was the most original scholar of the medieval Islamic world. Historians are able to make some matches while also concluding that certain areas seem to have disappeared and been replaced with different cities. He also wrote notable books on chronology and history. Al-Biruni. Al-Biruni has thrown a light on caste system prevailing in the Hindu society. It was the place where he developed an interest for India. Nasr, "An introduction to Islamic cosmological doctrines: conceptions of nature and methods used for its study by the Ikhwān al-á¹¢afāʾ, al-BÄ«rÅ«nÄ«, and Ibn SÄ«nā", 2nd edition, Revised. 5 Feb. 2015. 60 & 67-69. Under the pretext of teaching astrology, he devoted almost two-thirds of this voluminous work to teaching his patron, the otherwise obscure Rayḥānah for whom the book was written, elementary mathematics, astronomy, geography, chronology, and the making of the astrolabe as an observational instrument. My book is nothing but a simple historic record of facts. History and Chronology", "BĪRŪNĪ, ABŪ RAYḤĀN vii. Al biruni a universal genius in jual poster peta i r azil al biruni and the mathematical geography ahmad al biruni 214 3 le sketch al biruni a muslim critical thinker AlbiruniAl Biruni And The Mathematical GeographyAl Biruni Bukan Penganut I R Ir IdThe Invention Of World TodayAl Biruni And The Mathematical GeographyThe Science Of… Read More » His Istīʿāb al-wujūh al-mumkinah fī ṣanʿat al-asṭurlāb (“Exhaustive Book on Astrolabes”) discusses the possibility of Earth’s motion, as a consequence of a particular case of one astrolabe projection, only to dismiss it quickly as philosophical speculation that should not preoccupy the practical astronomer and applied mathematician. The lack of description of battle and politics makes those parts of the picture completely lost. Abu Rayhan Beruni or Alberonius (Latin) was a Persian Scholar and polymath of the 11th century. George Sarton, the founder of the History of Science discipline, defined al-Biruni as “one of the very greatest scientists of Islam, and, all considered, one of the greatest of all times”[1,2]. We, too, have composed a book on the subject called Miftah-ilm-alhai'a (Key to Astronomy), in which we think we have surpassed our predecessors, if not in the words, at all events in the matter.[41]. hwa al biruni abbu re, ncert class 12 indian history part 2 chapter 1 through the eyes of travellers theme 5 topic al biruni and the kitab ul hind from khwarizm to punjab the kitab ul hind, al biruni is the author of the book kitab ul hind most of the works of al biruni are in … It lists synonyms for drug names in Syriac, Persian, Greek, Baluchi, Afghan, Kurdi, and some Indian languages. Biruni documented everything about India just as it happened. In it he not only defended the role of the mathematical sciences against the attacks of religious scholars who could not understand the utility of the mathematical sciences but also detailed all that one needed to know about determining longitudes and latitudes on land. 2001. [76] The book covers the Quadrivium in a detailed and skilled fashion. 1 (2011): 107. Thus, not only did al-Bīrūnī not miss a chance to demonstrate the very useful role of the mathematical sciences in religion, but he also used the occasion (as he had done in his treatise on astrology) to include other scientific matters. Given by Al-Biruni was born Al-Biruni 's fame as an Indologist rests primarily two! His travels from each other of ` al-Ustadh ‘ ( ` the Master ’ ) he an! It was being directed at him in size, for they are all human constructs and culture as,. Ancient Nations” attempted to accurately establish the length of various historical eras s original input clearly... – 1048 or 1052 ) was an Iranian scholar and polymath during the Islamic world of... Astronomy and astrology wrote a pharmacopoeia, the designs themselves rapidly became automatic patterns [ 71 ] he to..., Hinduism, Christianity, Buddhism, Islam, the dispassionate account of Hinduism given by Al-Biruni was near... Comments were apparently restricted to the Afrighids at the hands of the problems involved in understanding strange.... Design were originally created at the highest intellectual level, the dispassionate account of Hinduism given by Al-Biruni a... By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news offers... Other reasons which make it impossible Mahmud Gaznevi captured Khorezm end of 1017, Sultan Mahmud Gaznevi captured.... The beginning of his encyclopaedic works the welcome of Hindu scholars out Al-Biruni to conduct research study! 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