The growth of American involvement in Vietnam during the Diem years – 1954-63: Impact of direct US military involvement in Vietnam and the consequences for Vietnam and Cambodia, Nature and effectiveness of the strategy and tactics employed by the North Vietnamese Army and the National Liberation Front (NLF), and by the South Vietnamese and the USA, Strategies and Tactics of the NLF and North Vietnamese Army (NVA), Strategy and tactics of the USA and the South Vietnamese Army (ARVN), Impact of the war on civilians in Indochina, Impact of the spread of the Vietnam War to Cambodia, Declining morale of American forces inside South Vietnam, Nature and significance of anti-war movements in the USA, Reasons for Development of Anti-War Movement, The defeat of the South Vietnamese forces, Rise to power of the Khmer Rouge in Cambodia. Why were there communist victories in Indo-China in 1975? Program failed for three reasons. Over 50 000 Viet Cong and North Vietnamese had been killed → took NLF four years to recover. Home. Well formatted detailed notes for entire Indochina syllabus. Explore Modern History an english inspired collection of contemporary and traditional furniture for the living room, dining room, bedroom and more. Stage 6 Modern History. There was enormous cost to both sides. Illiterate and highly propagandised, they enforced Angkar’s perverted goals with brute force. However, in a democracy, when a significant minority begins to question government policy, it cannot be ignored. He claims that Tet exposed the lie of “Cold War rhetoric” and “superpower egotism”. For additional assistance, you should refer to the discussion forum for this course. It presents detailed outlines for most popular Modern History topics and includes a wide range of maps, summary tables, diagrams and resource lists. This is a program for the unit of work Conflict in Indochina 1945-1975 and is designed to meet requirements for the NSW Modern History Syllabus for the Australian Curriculum. In the early 1970’s, popular support for the war was rapidly declining. The pentagon estimated that 3/4 of servicemen had tried heroin. Key features include: new interpretations of key events and issues, informed by original inquiry and archival research. Americans destroying entire villages and committing war crimes, such as the My Lai massacre. The Khmer Rouge were outnumbered, broke ranks and retreated. Soon a young man called Saloth Sar (aka Pol Pot) joined the party and became the leader. The Representation of the Ancient Past 4. By 1961 JFK had approved National Security Action Memorandum, granting some but not all of the military forces recommended by Taylor. Download this Syllabus document for HSC, Preliminary - Modern History. It showed his to be a firm and decisive leader and did not take things any further and risk making Vietnam a negative election issue but within days congress had passed the Tonkin Resolution unanimously in the house of representatives. The US was confronted with military setbacks and political turmoil at home. Ironically, many Khmer Rouge officials, or those who willingly served the Pol Pot regime, were also executed. The war had a detrimental effect on the landscape. Pages. Minor Offensives between March and June 1968 until North Vietnamese and Viet Cong withdrew. Olds hatred simmered below the surface. Outcome Coding Syllabus outcomes have been coded in a consistent way. US forces carried out secret SOG and DESOTO patrols against NV to gain intelligence information about NV and VC forces, During late July 1964 the USS Maddox was involved in patrols off the coast of NV, The Maddox moved very close to the coast within 7km and area claimed by Hanoi as being in NV territorial waters, This was clearly a provocative act on the part of Maddox. Gerald Ford assumed the presidency, and continued to reassure Thieu that US support “would return if necessary’, yet in reality Ford was powerless to control a combined Congress intent on ending the Vietnam conflict. South Vietnam’s refused to partake in the 1956 national elections. Defoliation had an enormous impact on the landscape and food production. He reported having been told by NV officials that thousands of children had been rendered permanently deaf as a result of Nixon’s Linebacker Two bombing campaign in December 1972. From 1965 the US implemented a policy of direct military involvement in Vietnam. The strategic hamlet was a much more ambitious plan though the aims were similar. The syllabus, assessment and reporting information and other support materials for the Modern History Stage 6 course. In May, 30 000 US and ARVN troops invaded Cambodia to root out the Communist bases. The My Lai Massacre of 1968 reinforced the madness and brutality of the war in Vietnam and encouraged more Americans to join the anti-war protest. The peace movement in America also became an extension of the feminist movement and the American Civil Rights movement. 70 terms. However, it is important not to exaggerate the impact of Anti-war movements because opinion polls at the time suggested that anti-war feeling among Americans never succeeded 50%. No bases were found. Many non-communist elements in Indochina that were predominantly nationalist opposed US doctrine. Account for the rise to power of the Khmer Rouge in Cambodia. Very rarely, if ever, does a question relate to the entire study. Add Resource Latest reviews Search resources. Irreplaceable archival materials detailing Cambodia’s rich history were destroyed. The presence of large numbers of NVA troops in the South carried with it a great danger for the North: it might justify and American invasion of North Vietnam. All things History, and teaching! Vigils and burning of draft cards resulted in protestors being jailed. Sihanouk was not successful in this mission. All Cambodians were forced to wear black garments just like the KR, Between 1975 and 1978 Cambodia’s frontiers were closed. Corruption became as a serious issue due to the black market. Employment opportunities linked to the US. The Investigation of Ancient Sites and Sources 2. Evident in these scenarios: If US aircraft had returned, thus extending the conflict, it is possible that North and South Vietnam would have been bombed into oblivion, resulting in incalculable carnage. The South Vietnamese withdrew with the Americans, though later in the year they attacked a communist base in North East Cambodia. Chronologies, contexts and timelines should be clearly evident to students. To do this the US diverted troops away from towns and cities of South Vietnam, leaving them open to assault. Modern History General Senior Syllabus 2019: Overview Version 1.2 In response to the challenges to teaching and learning caused by the COVID-19 pandemic, the QCAA has reduced the number of summative internal assessments senior students must complete in General and Applied subjects. Was a death trap which was televised nightly in the US. Diem’s consolidation of power was ultimately unsuccessful à James Harrison: “Diem created a dictatorship so unpopular as to lead to his own overthrow”. What were the results of war for EITHER Vietnam OR Cambodia between 1970 and 1979? Assess the importance of nationalism to the Vietnamese up to 1965. Total marks – 100 Section I Pages 2–6 25 marks The North Vietnamese and Viet Cong armies possessed these qualities to a greater degree than their adversaries in South Vietnam. What has changed? This was kept secret and was not known until the Pentagon Papers were released. From 1964, regular units of the NVA began moving into South Vietnam. There was a strong move to enforce communal way of living – the traditional family was decried. The HTA Modern History Study Guide is written specifically for the NSW Modern History HSC syllabus,to be examined for the first time at the 2019 HSC. Evaluate the view that the impact of war on civilians in Indochina was  responsible for communist victory in the period 1968–1979. B 52 bombing left a cratered landscape often impossible to cultivate. The KR’s mystical political identity, had no human form. The impact on civilians included: *This invasion will be talked about when we talk about the War in Cambodia. UPDATED for the new syllabus. WHAM (Winning Hearts and Minds)-to develop a social infrastructure. 2. “Huge numbers of refugees fled to the rapidly swelling cities & young men were drafted into the armies of both sides, creating rural labour shortages (Alongside high unemployment). Nixon’s policy became quite complicated. Tet demonstrated the resolve of the Vietcong and the shaky control South Vietnam had over its own territory. The Nuclear Age. Conflict In Indochina (Modern History HSC) Australia (NSW) Conflict In Indochina (Modern History HSC) Lubna Haddad. Our extensive library of handy and helpful HSC Modern History resources including past papers with worked solutions, study guides, study notes, essays written by students, assignments and many more, to help you prepare for the HSC As the Khmer Rouge would not tolerate educated people, the Phnom Penh University and the city’s schools were closed. The US also used its position in the UN to ensure to World Bank loans were given to Vietnam. georgiam187; Whole villages were destroyed.” – Melanie Beresford, “South Vietnam’s cities swelled to a degree unusual even by Third World Standards.” – Melanie Beresford, “It’s not that we lost the war militarily. Furthermore, with growing tensions between the North and South The National Liberation Front (NLF) was established in December 1960. The Khmer Rouge regrouped and, led by an exiled Pol Pot, waged a guerrilla war against the Vietnamese. In 2018 it was taught to Year 11. Some members were pushed into the arms of the Viet Minh. Seeing a visual picture of this is able to show you just how easy it was for individuals to get swept up by Hitler’s charisma as Leni Riefenstahl once stated. Impact: 1/3 of the population was dislocated by 1968 as a result of the hamlet plan (which failed). The Vietnamese began to have an increased dependence on US imports. On the 18th March 1970, Lon Nol led a coup against Sihanouk while he was out of the country. Please, HSC Modern History Part 4: International Studies in Peace and Conflict – Conflict in Indochina 1954-1979, Consequences of the Vietnamese victory against the French, Consequences of the Geneva Peace Agreement for the Vietnamese people to 1964, Political, social, economic and military developments within North and South Vietnam, North Vietnam 1954-1960 (Democratic Republic of Vietnam DRVN), South Vietnam 1954 – 1960 (Rebublic of Vietnam RVN), Political and social issues in Indochina by 1960, Nature and development of US policy towards Indochina generally and Vietnam in particular. The citizens of Cambodian had two choices: Pol Pot’s revolution was nothing less than a brutal enforcement of KR values upon an unreceptive population. Diem had defeated vehement anti-communist groups. In February 1971, 5000 ARVN troops were sent into Laos to attack NVA supply lines. Author: Ronald E. Ringer Publisher: Pascal Press ISBN: 9781741252460 Size: 22.91 MB Format: PDF, Kindle Category : Higher School Certificate Examination (N.S.W.) This new edition has even more features than before to help students succeed in Year 12. strategic Hamlets took them from ancestor sites. Pol Pot had spent time in China during the 60’s, during the violent upheavals of the ‘Cultural Revolution’ – he was impressed with the following notions: The preservation of Khmer cultural purity, The development of a communal way of life, The creation of a new agricultural Cambodian society. There are now six distinct areas and students must investigate at least ONE of the following options: 1. Stage 6 Modern History. A flood of refugees from affected areas crowding into cities. The analogy of the elephant and the tiger described the fundamental tactic of guerrilla warfare. The need to dedicate a nations scares resources to a war of liberation prevented expenditure on more worthy projects. The Mekong Delta in the South had been the traditional source of the country’s rice for centuries. At the same time, the Americans continued to fight the Vietcong and the fighting spread into the countryside and many innocent non-combatants were killed. US aid to Lon Nol was in the billions of dollars. Despite support from China and the USSR, the North was desperately short of badly needed capital for investment in 1954. Sophisticated weaponry and devastating the environment was not equal to the North Vietnamese strategic advantage of familiar terrain, immunity to local disease, the hearts and minds of the people, justification and reasons to fight, knowledge and application of guerrilla warfare and the ability to locate the enemies position; harass them and the melt back into the jungle. The term Indochina refers to the intermingling of Indian and Chinese influences in the culture of the region. The Vietnam moratorium movements spread around the world including to Australia, and witnessed a cross section of society protesting against the war in Vietnam. In May 1971, Nixon offered a deal to North Vietnam: By the end of 1971, the president had achieved little. UPDATED for the new syllabus. The invasion was a failure. Describe the involvement in Indo-China of EITHER France between 1945 and 1954 OR the USA between 1960 and 1975. Well formatted detailed notes for entire Indochina syllabus. Traditional family & economic values were challenged. The text will explain the strategic `big picture? ... Well formatted detailed notes for entire Indochina syllabus. USA (1919-1941); Russia and the Soviet Union (1917-1941). Historians have claimed that the anti-Vietnam war movement was the most powerful popular movement in American history. NESA is regularly updating its advice as … It would be an agricultural society, like the old times, a society organises a system of communes that would achieve a harmonious, pure existence. Soviet technological aid had been vital to resurrect the DRV’s industrial sector. Fragging had become a serious problem (this was the attempted murder of troops by their own officers – in 1971 there were 500 cases). Features. Johnson wins Presidential election (landslide), Following major VC attacks in Dec and Jan 1965, Johnson launched. Ironically, at that point the war had realistically ended, because NV now possessed 4 assets. The Vietnamese people, particularly the peasants, were forced in different directions by both the Viet Cong and the American forces. The spraying of chemical defoliants such as Agent Orange destroying crops and the economy of villages. e.g the Korean war – people marked submissively towards war unlike Vietnam (conscription). Nixon still has to prove Vietnamisation is working. Sharpened bamboo punji sticks, The terrain of South Vietnam was well suited to guerrilla warfare, They wore no uniforms and were able to blend in with the population, Made life difficult for US troops > never knew who was a civilian or who was the VC. The text will explain the strategic `big picture? Some new outlets ran a tally count on their nightly news programs which showed how many Americans had died in Vietnam; these tallies would tick over throughout the show, indicating Americans were being killed as viewers watched. Americans held out with the help of B-52s (Operation Niagara) bombing the surrounding hills. The Watergate scandal destroyed the Republican Party’s credibility, and in. 3 regiments of NVA troops began moving down the H.C.Minh trail, Purpose of attack- to test Saigon’s outer defence network, After heavy fighting, V.Cong units occupied the city for 6hrs, then withdrew, Proved to be costliest single battle in Vietnam war. Assess the significance for Indochina of the Vietnamese victory against the French in the period up to 1964. Skip To Content. Combined US/ARVN casualties had amounted to 5500. Modern History. Following the Tet offensive, the perception now existed that the US was not winning the war. One approach to teaching Power and Authority would be to start with the In this case, the Conflict in Indochina, 1954 – 1979 option meets the requirement to study at least one non-European/Western topic (see page 14 of the NESA Modern History syllabus, 2017).. . He ordered General Van Tien Dung, his southern commander, to strike towards Saigon. At Kent State University in Ohio, police fired on anti-war protestors which resulted in the death of four students. First his demand that Hanoi withdraw all its forces from Cambodia fell on deaf ears. If America, its allies and the South Vietnamese had somehow ‘won’ the conflict, would this have been acknowledged? Ironically, America’s falling-domino theory applied to South Vietnam’s provinces, not the other nations in Asia. Here we go, continuing with our new topic for the term, Conflict in Indochina 1954-1979. The US would continue to withdraw its forces from SV. Geneva Accords à inconclusive nature (adequately coined ‘Geneva Indecisions’) à failure. As America was not signatory to the Geneva Peace Agreement, it was able to stand behind Diem’s refusal to partake in the national elections, a feat which otherwise would not have succeeded. The modern history syllabus indochina sects totalled 35,000 men first act in the same side as the Lai! 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