The state of Kentucky can be used as a comparison guide for understanding other formal political regions around the world. Each time zone is 15 degrees wide. The higher latitudes (north of the Tropic of Cancer and south of the Tropic of Capricorn) experience significant seasonal variation in climate. Types of geographic studies regional geography systematic/thematic geography. Equinoxes, when the line of direct sunlight hits the equator and days and nights are of equal length, occur in the spring and fall on or around March 20 or 21 and September 22 or 23. Created Date 11/23/2011 11:28:04 AM Kentucky includes part of the rural peripheral region of Appalachia, but the state also has cosmopolitan core urban centers such as Lexington and Louisville. All meridians (lines of longitude) east of the prime meridian (0 and 180) are numbered from 1 to 180 degrees east (E); the lines west of the prime meridian (0 and 180) are numbered from 1 to 180 degrees west (W). In this diagram, 75 W is the central meridian for the eastern standard time zone in the United States. Use Google Earth to locate your current school or residence. The actual International Date Line does not follow the 180-degree meridian exactly. Students interested in a career in geography would be well served to learn geospatial techniques and gain skills and experience in GIS and remote sensing, as they are the areas within geography where employment opportunities have grown the most over the past few decades. Geographic regions and sub-regions are mostly described by their imprecisely defined, and sometimes transitory boundaries, except in human geography, where jurisdiction areas such as national borders are defined in law. The cultural landscape is the term used to describe those parts of the earth’s surface that have been altered or created by humans. When identifying a region or location on the earth, the first step is to understand its relative and absolute locations. f. Students will be able to read and interpret information on different types of maps. Categories . How is the cultural landscape influenced by the physical landscape? GIS programs are used in a wide range of applications, from determining the habitat range of a particular species of bird to mapping the hometowns of university students. Functional regions have boundaries related to a practical function within a given area. Religious geography: This is the branch of human geography that studies the spread and distribution of religious groups, their culture and the built environment. This approach prevailed during the second half of the 19th century and the first half of the 20th century, a period when then regional geography paradigm was central within the geographical sciences. The following eleven realms are outlined in this text: Identify the following key places on a map: Table 1.1 “Four Main Time Zones in the Continental United States and Their Central Meridians”, Figure 1.7 “Major Time Zones of the World”, CC BY-NC-SA: Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike. Figure 1.3 Basic Lines of Longitude and Latitude. Geography has also gone from different changes from time to time means that we ... researchers in physical, economic, human and regional geography. GIS can integrate a number of maps into one to help analysts understand a place in relation to their own specific needs. A number of alterations have been made to the International Date Line to accommodate political agreements to include an island or country on one side of the line or another. Whether the state of Kentucky belongs in the Midwest or in the South might be a matter of individual perception. 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