Lo Bianco, J. Afrikaans Mother Tongue (NAMT) speaking learners are enrolled and placed in Afrikaans Medium of Instruction (AMI) classes, which leads to challenges experienced by teachers who are Teaching Through Afrikaans Medium of Instruction (TTAMI) in the Junior Primary Phase (JPP), grade zero to three. Through sustained mentoring and collaboration with communities, reading clubs, literacy organisations and volunteers, and a vibrant media campaign, Nal’ibali is “helping to root a culture of literacy into the fabric of everyday life in South Africa”. In Grade 4, African language-speaking children have to switch to English despite the country’s constitution supporting and promoting multilingualism. All the above socio-economic factors are indicating that change is coming. (2012). National Education Evaluation and Development Unit, Minister of Basic Education Angie Motshekga, Language of Learning and Teaching (LOLT) policy, The Project for the Study of Alternative Education in South Africa, 1997 new Language in Education Policy (LIEP), Nal’ibali National Reading for Enjoyment campaign, South Africa’s Education Crisis: Views from the Eastern Cape, Project for the Study of Alternative Education in South Africa, Mathematics made easy for a better tomorrow, Play Your Part for quality school education, A playground providing opportunities for youngsters. SIL International, Mother tongue-based mu ltilingual education current challenges and some strategies for moving forward. the Department of Education (DepEd) Order No. Retrieved from Center for Global Development. In H. Coleman (Ed. Key steps, as outlined by ministers Chabane and Manuel indicated that the Presidency and National Treasury are working with departments to ensure sufficient resources are vested towards the success of this initiative. In the next few years, our African languages will enjoy parity of esteem and equitable treatment. Safe-talk collusion in apartheid education. France: UNESCO. The use of mother tongue in teaching in a multilingual setting affects the way pupils learn. (2013, July 28). There are many benefits associated with an education that takes into account children’s mother tongues: https://doi.org/10.1007/s40299-016-0310-5, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s40299-016-0310-5, Over 10 million scientific documents at your fingertips, Not logged in Keywords: Challenges, Mother Tongue Based, Multilingual Education, Fort Del Pilar, Challenges in MTB-MLE. (2016). Bloch initiated the Nal’ibali National Reading for Enjoyment campaign, to develop a love of reading among children, by connecting adults and children through telling and reading stories in English and African languages. The situation is problematic in multilingual lok’shin (township) schools where the lok’shin lingua is not recognised as ‘standard’ language. Cellphone- +251-911072096, e-mail-mabubelete@gmail.com ABSTRACT The main purpose of this study was to assess the psychological benefits and challenges of mother tongue as a medium of instruction. Added to these is the lack of training to prospective teachers to teach mother … Multilingual education for social justice—From coercive to collaborative relations of power. doi:10.1080/09500782.2014.892126. - 31.31.78.239. A melting pot and the educational center of the North, Baguio City, Philippines demands teaching strategies that not only adapt to the interplay of the different cultures and languages but give importance to them, too. With all the students having a difficulty in coping with their lessons, Mother tongue-based multilingual education may be helpful or not in solving this problem.. INTRODUCTION. These children, are unable to learn as much about their society, not because they are cognitively inferior. The title of this study is therefore, Challenges in Use of Mother Tongue Based Education As Education Quarterly, 67(1), 44–61. The question of mother-tongue education in South Africa remains a vexed one. This paper is an examination of the challenges faced in implementing Kenya’s language-ineducation policy, which advocates mother tongue-based learning. Three years into the program, a nationwide survey including 50 schools in LDC was conducted to identify challenges that teachers faced and strategies in program implementation. The PanSALB lauds the South African Broadcasting Corporation (SABC) delivering national news in African languages and acknowledges that broadcaster e.tv, through its new satellite channels, will offer news in African languages. 8(2), 96–113. For these learners, using the mother tongue in early education leads to a better understanding of the curriculum content and to a more positive attitude towards school. MTB MLE intensive workshops for experiencedcertifiedteachers. She remarks that at university level students must be encouraged to teach in mother tongue languages. A CASE FOR MOTHER TONGUE EDUCATION? Switching to Mother Tongue-Based Education: The New Trend and Its Challenges Safary Wa-Mbaleka University of Phoenix, Arizona, USA The new millennium began with a strong hope for success through collaboration in globalization. 2018 pp. Background: Mother-tongue education in South African primary schools remains a challenge to policymakers. Bloch (n.d.) quoted a definition of mother tongue as: “A mother tongue is the language the child can speak fluently before going to school. Mulatu, L.D. http://unesdoc.unesco.org/images/0017/001787/178702e.pdf. The Pan South African Language Board is producing dictionaries in all indigenous African languages to support teaching and learning indigenous languages. Transformation in the demographics of both teachers and SGBs must take place. Enablers and constraints of an effective and sustainable mother-tongue based multilingual education policy in the Philippines. RTI International. Wright elaborates, saying that there is little doubt that the formative skills and habits of reading and writing are best tackled without the additional cognitive burden of having to do so in a “foreign” language. In their own language: Education for all. It is imperative that the children interact with people who know the language. http://www.cgdev.org/sites/default/files/9781933286143-Lewis-Lockeed-inexcusable.pdf. The participants of the study were students in School of Education and Behavioral Sciences, WSU. The use of indigenous languages in early basic education in Papua New Guinea: A model for elsewhere. Edelweiss Applied Science and Technology, 2017 PDF: 103, 1:1 As the number of English first-language speakers is only the fourth highest of all the language groups in South Africa, it follows that the majority of children in the country are taught in a language that is not their mother-tongue.School subjects in South Africa are either taught in English from grade 1 all the way through to matric or the first three years of education are presented in the children’s first language (any of the other ten official o… Merit Research Journal of Education and Review, 2(8), 152-162. This continues despite the fact that the maintenance and development of language and literacy skills in one’s mother tongue (MT) plays a critical role in facilitating second language (L2) learning, developing additive bilingualism and continuous cognitive development. To help Eritrea overcome these challenges, GPE helped train 186 teachers on mother tongue education to enhance their competencies. The Eastern Cape education department has pioneered the implementation of Mother Tongue Based Bilingual Education (MTBBE) and wants other provinces to use it to replicate the success of the programme. Philippines Department of Education. On the one hand, it seems reasonable and desirable that learners should be able to receive education in their mother tongue, if they so wish. One camp believes that the key to resolving South Africa’s education crisis is to radically improve education and training for teachers, specifically language teachers, whether they teach Afrikaans, an indigenous South African language or English. These domains are believed to be the sources of problems that would affect the learning-teaching mechanism of the mother- tongue based education. Evidence tells us that learning first in one’s mother tongue (MT) leads to better outcomes in the future – for individuals, cultures, and nations. This situation left very little room for the consideration of the languages of other groups such as Kalanga, Wayeyi, Shiyeyi and so on. Learning starts at home in the learners’ home language. The Challenge of Implementing Mother Tongue Education in Linguistically Diverse Contexts: The Case of the Philippines. 74, the mother tongue-based multilingual education (MTB-MLE) program was institutionalized in 2009, a watershed moment in the country’s language-in-education history. This is an international test in which 49 countries participate. STATEMENT BY PRESIDENT CYRIL RAMAPHOSA ON PROGRESS IN THE NATIONAL EFFORT... [Opinion Editorial] Enough is still not enough when it comes to... Media Statement: Brand South Africa addresses media on allegations of corruption, Duo to fly SA flag at World Cycling Champs, Thousands expected at Zuma’s inauguration, The Mother of the Nation – By Tebogo Ditshego, Women of excellence: Ferial Haffajee, champion of media freedom, SA gains “gratifying” ground in world competitive index, Brand South Africa breaks ground in Free State, South African poet takes African women’s message to the world, #21 ACTS OF GOODNESS FOR THE MATRIC CLASS OF 2020. Cummins, J. Introducing multilingualism: A social approach. The Philippine Department of Education proposed two program models to assist schools to cater for linguistic diversity: a ‘multiple monolingual’ model, which groups students with the same MT in separate monolingual classes, and a ‘lingua franca’ model, which adopts a widely used language as medium of instruction in all classes. 139–147). When children develop their mother tongue, they are simultaneously fostering a whole host of other essential skills, such as critical thinking and literacy skills. The question of mother-tongue education in South Africa remains a vexed one. 6.5 Learning and teaching materials as challenges to mother-tongue education 265 6.6 Poor standardisation of a language as a barrier to mother-tongue education 268 6.7 Poor school improvement practice to promote mother-tongue education 270 6. Cummins is at the forefront of this discussion as he contends that knowledge in one language helps learners to understand information in another language (2000). (2011). Thomas, W., & Collier, V. (1997). Malone& Malone, Teacher education for mother tongue4based multilingual education 5 3. In 2012, the Government of the Philippines implemented a Mother Tongue-based Multilingual Education program for the first 4 years of schooling (K-3). Metila, R. (2009). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. However, a singular wish to teach children English at all costs, when coupled with punishment for using one’s mother tongue, is both psychologically and culturally damaging. Retrieved from Education Data for Decision Making. Article  In P. Cuvelier, L. T. Du Plessis, & L. Teck (Eds. The ‘mother tongue’ does not have to be the language spoken by the mother. The school … ), Multilingualism, education, and social integration (pp. Smits, J., Huisman, J., & Kruijff, K. (2008). (2014). In fact, teachers sometimes have to write their own passages for comprehension tests.”, Jonathan Jansen, rector at the University of the Free State, in an article for the Mail and Guardian newspaper strongly stated that, “If our children are to stand tall, they must master the language used to exclude them.”, Professor Jansen believes that “while English is necessary to bring about effective transformation, English itself — and the entitled culture of its curators — must also be transformed.”, “Black parents prefer to have their children study in English. http://www.deped.gov.ph/orders/do-74-s-2009. The national language as a language of instruction in Botswana primary schools. See Using Brand South Africa material. Mokibelo, E. B. Mother tongue education is a sore point with South Africans, teachers and officials, with two main perspectives prevailing. Asia-Pacific Edu Res 25, 781–789 (2016). At the Curriculum and Transformation Conference, held at the University of South Africa on 13 October 2013, Minister of Basic Education Angie Motshekga said that training and providing teachers to all districts and schools was a priority. Retrieved from http://www-01.sil.org/asia/ldc/parallel_papers/david_klaus.pdf. Mother-tongue education has been practised in Ethiopia since 1992. Young, C. (2011). Challenges Faced by Students in Mother Tongue Administered Assessments in Higher Education. The Department of Basic Education is preparing to implement African language teaching in 2014; it has already been phased in at selected schools in each province. volume 25, pages781–789(2016)Cite this article. Mother Tongue Based Multilingual Education Challenges: A Case Study (2017) Edelweiss Appli Sci Tech 1: 10-23 Page 17 Edgar RE. CHALLENGES OF MOTHER TONGUE AS A MEDIUM OF INSTRUCTION IN SCHOOLS Local and international research has found that children learn to speak, read, and write more quickly in their first language, and can pick up a second and third language more easily if taught in their first language. On the one hand, it seems reasonable and desirable that learners should be able to receive education in their mother tongue, if they so wish. The language policy in Kenya embraces a bilingual approach to education where the child’s Mother Tongue (or the language of the catchment area) is used as the medium of instruction in the first three years of primary school, ... still pose a lot of pedagogical challenges (Muthwii, 2001). Language-in-education policy implementation, http://www-01.sil.org/asia/ldc/parallel_papers/david_klaus.pdf, http://www.cgdev.org/sites/default/files/9781933286143-Lewis-Lockeed-inexcusable.pdf, http://www.unicef.org/eapro/12205_3613.html, http://www.air.org/resource/facilitating-reading-acquisition-multilingual-environments-india-frame-india-final-report, http://www.deped.gov.ph/orders/do-74-s-2009, http://www.deped.gov.ph/orders/do-16-s-2012, http://www.businessmirror.com.ph/index.php/en/features/learning/17048-chabacano-as-medium-of-teaching-confuses-non-zamboangueno-pupils, https://www.eddataglobal.org/documents/index.cfm?fuseaction=pubDetail&ID=822, http://unesdoc.unesco.org/images/0017/001787/178702e.pdf, http://www.unicef.org/esaro/UNICEF(2016)LanguageandLearning-FullReport(SingleView).pdf, https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/handle/10986/1033, http://www.sil.org/resources/publications/entry/41808, https://doi.org/10.1007/s40299-016-0310-5. Metila, R.A., Pradilla, L.A.S. children in their mother tongue both for their later acquisition and transference of reading skills to other languages, and for their total gain from educational input, the mother tongue as medium of instruction (MOI) still meets with resistance. 18, No. “The teachers in schools are not incompetent, but they don’t have the necessary resources and the support structure at Early Childhood Development (ECD) level which needs to be addressed by the DoE”. This study reports on the implementation of mother tongue education in linguistically diverse contexts (LDC), or locations where a number of mother tongues (MT) are spoken. For more background information on this article, please contact the Project for the Study of Alternative Education in South Africa. Ekegusii in danger of disappearing, Daily Nation. The disadvantages are all linked to the scarcity of instructional materials which hinder the enhancement of the reading, listening, speaking and writing skills of the learners. One argument in favour of mother tongue education is that teaching and learning could be more effective. New York: Routledge. http://www.unicef.org/eapro/12205_3613.html. (2015). © 2020 Springer Nature Switzerland AG. In 2012, the Government of the Philippines implemented a Mother Tongue-based Multilingual Education program for the first 4 years of schooling (K-3). Correspondence to ), Mother tongue as a bridge language of instruction: Policies and experiences in Southeast Asia (pp. Challenges Faced by Students in Mother Tongue Administered Assessments in Higher Education. The importance of developing the mother tongue is now widely accepted among researchers. Assessment Curriculum and Technology Research Centre, Albarracin Hall, E. Jacinto St. cor. This paper examines the implementation of Mother Tongue Based Multilingual Education (MTB-MLE) in view of and as provided for in Republic Act No. 86–98). ), Society and the language classroom (pp. 18, No. Dr Carole Bloch, director at The Project for the Study of Alternative Education in South Africa (PRAESA) at the University of Cape Town, says that the common situation for decades has been for all children to learn in their mother tongue for the first three years of school. When they finish school, learners should be proficient in their home language and in a second language, as well as having a sound knowledge of an additional language. Theory and practice—Language education models in Africa: Research, decision-making and outcomes. They therefore struggle to learn concepts, how to read and write and to learn English. , E. Jacinto St. cor the use of languages in school schools remains a vexed one that Isolezwe, Zulu! 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